Barragers Cleaners & Fire Restoration

What is Dry Cleaning?

In the dry cleaning process fluids are used to remove soils and stains from fabrics. Among the advantages of dry cleaning is the ability to dissolve grease and oils in a way that water cannot.

Natural fibers such as wools and silks dry clean beautifully, but can shrink, distort, and lose color when washed in water. Synthetic fibers like polyesters also respond well to dry cleaning, where as they can retain oily stains after washing. Dry cleaning helps to return garments to a "like-new" condition using precautions to prevent shrinkage, loss of color, and change of texture or finish.

You go into your local dry cleaning store, drop off your clothes, get your ticket, then drive away. A few days later, you return, pick up your clothes, pay the customer service representative, and drive away again .

But, do you know what happened to your clothes while they were at the dry cleaning shop? Do you know what dry cleaning is and how it works?

A Brief History

Dry cleaning dates back to ancient times, probably beginning with the advent of textile clothing itself. There are many stories about the origin of dry cleaning, all revolving around a surprise discovery when a petroleum-type fluid was accidentally spilled on a greasy fabric. It quickly evaporated and the stains were miraculously removed.


In spite of the name, dry cleaning is not completely dry. Fluids are used in the dry cleaning process. In the early days, garment scourers and dryers found several fluids that could be used as dry cleaning solvents, including camphene, benzene, kerosene, and gasoline. These fluids are all dangerously flammable, so dry cleaning was a hazardous business until safer solvents were developed.

In the 1930s, percholoroethylene or "perc" (a nonflammable synthetic solvent) was introduced and is used today in many dry cleaning plants. Other cleaning solvents have been added, and still others are currently being tested.

Dry cleaning is not the answer to all soil and stain removal problems. Sometimes, stains become permanently embedded in the fiber, or fabrics cannot withstand normal cleaning and stain removal procedures, or decorative trim is not compatible with dry cleaning solvent. It is important that consumers as well as drycleaners read all care labels and follow the instructions.

There are various make / models of dry cleaning machines. Despite the differences, all dry cleaning machines work on the same principle.

A dry cleaning machine consists of four basic components:

  1. Holding or base tank
  2. Pump
  3. Filter
  4. Cylinder or wheel

The holding tank holds the dry cleaning solvent. A pump is used to circulate the solvent through the machine during the cleaning process. Filters are used to trap solid impurities. A cylinder or wheel is where the garments are placed to be cleaned. The cylinder has ribs to help lift and drop the garments.

The operation of the dry cleaning machine is easy to understand. The solvent is drawn from the tank by the pump. The pump sends the solvent through the filters to trap any impurities. The filtered solvent then enters the cylinder to flush soil from the clothes. The solvent leaves the cylinder button trap and goes back to the holding tank. This process is repeated throughout the entire cleaning cycle, ensuring that the solvent is maintained to give effective cleaning at all times.

After the cleaning cycle, the solvent is drained and an "extract" cycle is run to remove the excess solvent from the clothes. This solvent is drained back to the bare tank. During extraction, the rotation of the cylinder increases in order to use centrifugal force to remove the solvent from the clothes.

Once the clothes have finished extracting, the cylinder stops. At this time, clothes are either transferred to a separate dryer or dried in the same unit. The drying process uses warm air circulated through the cylinder to vaporize the solvent left on the clothes.
The solvent is purified in a still. Here the solvent is heated. The vapors are then condensed back to a liquid leaving behind all impurities in the still. This clean solvent is then pumped back into the holding/base tank.

Dry cleaning machines are rated in pounds of fabric (dry weight) the machine can hold. Machine sizes vary from very small (20 pounds) to large (100 pounds) capacity of clothes cleaned per cycle.

Before cleaning, garments are inspected and classified. The length of the cleaning cycle is dependent upon the type of article cleaned and the degree of soiling.

Some heavily stained garments may go through a stain removal process prior to cleaning to aid in better soil and stain removal. A stain removal technician will treat specific items just prior to cleaning.

A lot of effort goes into the process, and there are many skilled technicians involved in caring for your garments.

Now, when you visit your drycleaner, you will have a better understanding of this "magical process" of dry cleaning.

Same Day Dry Cleaning Service (Monday- Friday) in before 10 AM.


Barragers Cleaners are full-service clothing care specialists. Alterations, Zippers, Waist & Hemming are some of the few services that we provide.

Buttons and Minor Repairs:

Barragers Cleaners will repair loose buttons or sew on new ones . Minor seam repairs are done FREE OF CHARGE, if necessary. We want your clothes to be ready to wear when you pick them up from us.


All you have to do is drop your clothes off and pick them up. Barragers Cleaners will take care of the rest. Why waste hours doing laundry and ironing when you can get quality and convenience.

  • We are open 6 Days a week. Monday to Friday 7 AM. to 7 PM; Saturdays 9 AM. to 4 PM and Sunday Closed.
  • Drive up curb side service.
  • 24-hour drop box service.
  • Free pickup & delivery.
  • 4 minute personal laundry service - 2 minutes to drop off and 2 minutes to pick up.
  • Fully equipped air conditioned Laundromat with over sized washers and dryers. Open from 6 AM to 10 PM daily.

Causal Wear:

Dockers, Golf shirts and other casual wear look great when Barragers processes and finishes them with their specially designed detergents and sizing. Your business and casual attire will look their best.

Delicate Fabrics:

Garments made from Angora, Cashmere, Mohai